In accordance with Jewish law, several things are required to make a wedding kosher, or “proper”:
- The groom must give the bride something, specifically something shaveh p’rutah or “worth a penny,” and the bride must accept it willingly. Typically, in modern times, this is represented by the exchange of rings.
- Two aydim, or witnesses, must be present. According to Jewish law, these witnesses must be Jewish men who are over the age of 13, and who are related to neither the groom nor the bride.
- The groom (and modernly, the bride as well) must recite the haray aht, or marriage formula. This is typically translated to mean, “By this ring you are consecrated to me as my wife in accordance with the traditions of Moses and Israel.”
- The witnesses (and modernly, the bride and groom as well) must sign the ketubah, or Jewish wedding contract.